Indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf. भारतीय साक्ष्य अधिनियम, 1872

Indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf Rating: 8,9/10 1470 reviews

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. A is accused of burning down his house in order to obtain money for which it is insured. Admission by party to proceeding or his agent. In case of public documents except certified copy no other secondary evidence can be given. The particulars of a dispute between A and B about a matter unconnected with the alleged libel are irrelevant, though the fact that there was a dispute may be relevant if it affected the relations between A and B. A desires a Court to give judgment that he is entitled to certain land in the possession of B, by reason of facts which he asserts, and which B denies, to be true.

Next

Indian Evidence Act

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

It is not uncommon for Courts to peek into English Evidence Law in case of doubt. Illustration A, an accomplice, gives an account of a robbery in which he took part. In criminal proceedings against any person, the husband or wife of such person, respectively, shall be a competent witness. A statement by C that he owed B rent is an admission, and is a relevant fact as against A, if A denies that C did owe rent to B. The fact that, soon after the commission of the crime, A absconded from his house, is relevant, under section 8, as conduct subsequent to and affected by facts in issue. The question between A and B is, whether a certain deed is or is not forged, A affirms that it is genuine, B that it is forged.

Next

भारतीय साक्ष्य अधिनियम, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

Please by the claims made and adding. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Proof as to verification of digital signature. When original is in possession of opposite party or third person: According to Clause 1 secondary evidence may be given when the original document is in possession or under the control of opposite party; the original is in possession or power of any person who is out of reach of or not subjected to the process of court; or any person legally bound to produce but did not produce it, or where the original manuscript of a leaflet was not shown to be in possession of the successful candidate in a election, when the Photostat copy was prepared, secondary evidence of Photostat copy is not permissible. When a person is bound to prove the existence of any fact, it is said that the burden of proof lies on that person. Presence of document proved from the facts pleaded - Allowing secondary evidence not illegal; Sobha Rani v. If the fact proposed to be proved is one of which evidence is admissible only upon proof of some other fact, such last-mentioned fact must be proved before evidence is given of the fact first mentioned, unless the party undertakes to give proof of such fact, and the Court is satisfied with such undertaking.


Next

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

The husband alleged that she had conceived because of illicit intercourse, and claimed to be entitled to a decree for divorce on this ground. Part 3 The last part, that is part 3, consists of chapter 7 to chapter 11. The opinions of experts on the question whether the two documents were written by the same person or by different persons, are relevant. C in each case says, that the matter alleged to be libellous is true, and the circumstances are such that it is probably true in each case, or in neither. The question is, whether A committed a crime at Calcutta on a certain day. The burden of proving the circumstances bringing the case under section 335 lies on A.

Next

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

Compliance with Section 65B 4 2 is enough to make admissible and prove electronic records. In case b , the written admission is admissible. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, any information contained in an electronic record which is printed on a paper, stored, recorded or copied in optical or magnetic media produced by a computer hereinafter referred to as the computer output shall be deemed to be also a document, if the conditions mentioned in this section are satisfied in relation to the information and computer in question and shall be admissible in any proceedings, without further proof or production of the original, as evidence of any contents of the original or of any fact stated therein of which direct evidence would be admissible. Illustration A person is shown to have been in possession of a number of placards, all printed at one time from one original. Illustration The right of the villagers of a particular village to use the water of a particular well is a general right within the meaning of this section. Relevancy of statements in maps, charts and plans.

Next

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

The existence of a decree in favour of the defendant, in a suit by A against C for a trespass on the same land in which C alleged the existence of the same right of way, is relevant, but it is not conclusive proof that the right of way exists. The question is, whether A, at the time of doing a certain act, was, by reason of unsoundness of mind, incapable of knowing the nature of the Act, or that he was doing what was either wrong or contrary to law. Evidence as to application of language which can apply to one only of several persons. Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trial for same offence. There would be presumption in favour of wedlock if the partners lived together for long spell as husband and wife; but it would be rebuttable and heavy burden lies on the person who seeks to deprive the relationship of legal origin to prove that no marriage took place; Tulsa v. Exclusion of evidence against application of document to existing facts. A affirms that on a certain day he saw B at Lahore.

Next

भारतीय साक्ष्य अधिनियम, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

Scope of Section 112: Evidence that a child is born during wedlock is sufficient to establish its legitimacy, and shifts the burden of proof to the party seeking to establish the contrary. The question is, whether a certain document is the Will of A. Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue. Estoppel of tenant; and of licensee of person in possession. Comments Submission of a letter not containing anything either in favour or against but simply a statement of original defendant, then such letter cannot be taken as that of a substituted defendant, confronting with admissions; Salil Kumar Roy v. Application for production of secondary evidence must give full details and must be supported by a proper affidavit. Court by going through those Documentary Evidence and Oral Evidence decide that particular fact and all facts are proved or not, or whether the fact or facts can be presumed to be proved? Illustration A book-keeper may testify to facts recorded by him in books regularly kept in the course of business, if he knows that the books were correctly kept, although he has forgotten the particular transactions entered.

Next

Download Indian Evidence Act 1872 by Abhinav Misra PDF Online

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

The Supreme Court said that without further proof it is at best second hand secondary evidence. It is well settled that where the direct evidence regarding the assault is worthy of the credence and can be believed, the question of motive becomes more or less academic. It is well established that where there is an eyewitness account regarding the incident, the motive loses all its importance; Barikanoo v. In Evaluation as above said by looking into the Oral and Documentary Evidence Court decide whether particular fact is proved or not, or facts are proved or not, In Evaluation there are two concepts to prove facts; One is Prove Prove, Disprove or Not prove and Other is Presumption that fact is proved may Presume, Shall presume and Conclusive proof After going to Oral and Documentary Evidence Court see that whether any fact or facts are proved by looking to such evidence or not? Each gives an account of the crime implicating D, and the accounts corroborate each other in such a manner as to render previous concert highly improbable; As to illustration c — A, the drawer of a bill of exchange, was a man of business. D is B's broker, to whom B habitually submitted the letters purporting to be written by A for the purpose of advising him thereon.

Next

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

A document in terms of Section 65 of the Evidence Act is to be proved by a person who is acquainted with the handwriting of the author thereof. Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design. Audience of the Book : This book Useful for Law. It must stand on its own legs. The Court, if it sees, fit, may inspect the document, unless it refers to matters of State, or take other evidence to enable it to determine on its admissibility. Part 1 Part 1 deals with relevancy of the facts.

Next

Download Indian Evidence Act 1872 by Abhinav Misra PDF Online

indian evidence act 1872 in hindi pdf

When unlawful acts of illegal mining operation encroaching into forest area take place the satellite sketches based on support of allegations are admissible. Confidential communications with legal advisers. There are several intermediate facts B, C and D which must be shown to exist before the fact A can be regarded as the cause or effect of the fact in issue. Question 1 What is the Evidence given of? Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit. Illustration The question is, whether A assaulted B. In case e or f , a certified copy of the document, but no other kind of secondary evidence, is admissible.

Next